Do I need clearance for VFR over-the-top?

VFR-on-top is conducted by an instrument-rated pilot on an IFR flight plan. It allows the pilot to change altitudes, provided VFR cloud clearances are maintained. VFR over-the-top, on the other hand, does not require an instrument rating or any kind of clearance or flight plan.

Can a VFR pilot fly VFR-on-top?

According to the FAA's Instrument Flying Handbook (IFH), "pilots on IFR flight plans operating in VFR weather conditions may request VFR-on-top in lieu of an assigned altitude. This permits them to select an altitude or flight level of their choice (subject to any ATC restrictions)."

Do I need a clearance for a VFR flight?

Inside controlled zones or airfields, VFR pilots have to receive an initial clearance. Usually, the VFR pilot will start his aircraft prior to contacting the controller. And he is ready to taxi. Be aware that some specific airfields do not allow this; please consult your charts.

Which of the following are required conditions for VFR over-the-top?

VFR Over-the-Top
  • (a) the aircraft is operated at a vertical distance from cloud of at least 1,000 feet;
  • (b) where the aircraft is operated between two cloud layers, the vertical distance between the layers is at least 5,000 feet;
  • (c) flight visibility at the cruising altitude of the aircraft is at least five miles; and.

What is the difference between a VFR-on-top and VFR over-the-top clearance?

However, it is the responsibility of the pilot-in-command (PIC) to see and avoid other aircraft while operating in VFR conditions4. In comparison, VFR-Over-The-Top is used by pilots on a VFR flight plan to fly above the clouds while still maintaining VFR cloud clearances.

VFR on Top | IFR Climb through Marine Layer

Why do pilots prefer IFR over VFR?

Why Do Pilots Prefer IFR Over VFR? IFR provides pilots with greater flexibility when it comes to controlled airspace, weather conditions, and career opportunities.

What is the benefit of VFR-on-top?


Pilots may operate above, below, between layers, or in areas where there is no meteorological obscuration. This way pilots may avoid icing etc. Pilots operating VFR-on-Top will receive traffic information and safety alerts from ATC.

Can you fly VFR OTT at night?

VFR OTT Course Requirements

The Night rating is the rating allows you fly aircraft at night, subject to the provisions and limitations of the Canadian Aviation Regulations.

What is VFR over-the-top rating?

A VFR Over The Top (VFR OTT) Rating allows you to fly VFR above a layer of cloud. The beauty of soaring above the clouds is surreal to experience, yet this rating has real practical benefits too.

What are the ceiling requirements for VFR flight?

VFR: ceiling > 3,000 feet AGL (above ground level) and visibility > 5 s.m. MVFR: ceiling 1,000 to 3,000 feet AGL and/or visibility 3 to 5 s.m.

What airspaces require clearance?

An ATC clearance is required to enter and operate within Class B airspace. VFR pilots are provided sequencing and separation from other aircraft while operating within Class B airspace.

Can you enter restricted airspace without a clearance?

If the restricted area is not active and has been released to the controlling agency (FAA), the ATC facility will allow the aircraft to operate in the restricted airspace without issuing specific clearance for it to do so.

Can you fly a SID without ATC clearance?

ATC clearance must be received prior to flying a SID. All DPs provide the pilot with a way to depart the airport and transition to the en route structure safely.

Can you fly VFR above 10000?

VFR aircraft also must maintain a horizontal distance of 1sm from clouds while operating in Class E at and above 10,000ft. Below 10,000ft, the increase in TAS is reduced due to the lower altitudes. Therefore, the minimum forward flight visibility can be reduced from 5sm to 3sm.

How high can a VFR pilot fly?

VFR pilots can fly between 3,000 to 18,000 ft.

Is autopilot allowed in VFR?

(a) Except as provided in §§ 135.99 and 135.111, unless two pilots are required by this chapter for operations under VFR, a person may operate an aircraft without a second in command, if it is equipped with an operative approved autopilot system and the use of that system is authorized by appropriate operations ...

Is VFR harder than IFR?

IFR flying is astronomically more challenging than is VFR flying, but those pilots who achieve this distinction are invariably better and safer pilots, both when flying IFR and when flying VFR. Aviating under IFR, a pilot is authorized to fly into clouds in what is called zero visibility.

Can you fly above a ceiling VFR?

Yes, you can fly VFR over the top of a cloud deck as long as you can maintain 1,000 ft. above the clouds. No clearance is necessary, however you still are flying VFR and must see and avoid other aircraft. The one problem is finding a hole large enough to descent through and still maintain VFR cloud separation.

What is the 1 in 60 rule in VFR?

This rule of thumb is incredibly powerful in the aviation environment. It states that for each degree off (or displacement) over a distance of 60 nautical miles (NM), it will result in 1 NM off course. It can be applied in various areas of interest when flying, and is easily remembered.

Can VFR Private Pilot fly at night?

Prudent pilots typically set higher weather minimums for night VFR flights. FAR 91.157—In order to get a Special VFR clearance at night, you must have an instrument rating, an instrument-equipped airplane, 1 mile visibility, be able to remain clear of clouds, and a Special VFR clearance from air traffic control.

What is the minimum altitude for VFR night flight?

No person may operate an aircraft under IFR including over-the-top or at night under VFR at an altitude less than 1,000 feet above the highest obstacle within a horizontal distance of five miles from the center of the intended course, or, in designated mountainous areas, less than 2,000 feet above the highest obstacle ...

What is the minimum altitude for VFR?

An altitude of 500 feet above the surface, except over open water or sparsely populated areas. In those cases, the aircraft may not be operated closer than 500 feet to any person, vessel, vehicle, or structure.

Can you fly VFR above 18000?

The standard concept of the highest VFR altitude is 17,999 feet. At FL180 or 18,000 feet and above you MUST be operating on an IFR Clearance. The airspace between FL180 and FL600 is called Class A airspace and all aircraft operating in that airspace are IFR.

In what airspace will ATC not authorize VFR-on-top?

When operating in VFR weather conditions, it is the pilot's responsibility to be vigilant so as to see-and-avoid other aircraft. ATC will not authorize VFR or VFR-on-top operations in Class A airspace.

Do private jets fly IFR or VFR?

If you hold a private pilot's certificate without instrument privileges, then your only option is to fly VFR. If you find yourself in a situation where the weather is below VFR minimums, then you can file an SVFR (special visual flight referencing) flight plan, which allows you to fly VFR with fewer weather minimums.