What qualifies a plane for IFR?

Aeroplanes operated under IFR shall be equipped with: (a) a means of measuring and displaying the following: (1) magnetic heading; (2) time in hours, minutes and seconds; (3) pressure altitude; (4) indicated airspeed; (5) vertical speed; (6) turn and slip; (7) attitude; (8) stabilised heading; (9) outside air ...

What are the minimum requirements for IFR flight?

50 hours of cross-country flight time as pilot in command. Forty hours of actual or simulated instrument time, including 15 hours must have been received from an authorized instructor. Three hours of instrument flight training within two calendar months before the check ride.

What conditions are considered IFR?

The regulations define weather flight conditions for visual flight rules (VFR) and instrument flight rules (IFR) in terms of specific values for ceiling and visibility. IFR means a ceiling less than 1,000 feet AGL and/or visibility less than three miles. Low IFR (LIFR) is a sub-category of IFR.

What altitude is IFR required?

Separate instrument flight rules (IFR) aircraft using the following minima between altitudes: Up to and including FL 410- 1,000 feet. Apply 2,000 feet at or above FL 290 between non-RVSM aircraft and all other aircraft at or above FL 290.

Is getting an IFR rating difficult?

Flying under Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) is familiar and straightforward for airline pilots and many experienced general aviation pilots as well. However, for pilots who have recently obtained their private pilot certificate, adjusting to instrument flying can be challenging and disorienting at first.

Requirements to Fly IFR | Instrument Proficiency Check | IFR Inspections | VOR Inspections

What is the 1 2 3 rule for IFR?

1 hour before to 1 hour after your ETA (at the listed destination), the ceiling will be at least 2,000′ AGL, and the visibility will be at least 3 SM. It's called the 1-2-3 rule; this is the easiest way to remember this section.

Can you fly IFR without an instrument rating?

IFR stands for Instrument Flight Rules and without an instrument rating, pilots may not operate under IFR. Instrument Flight Rules essentially means: You can file an instrument flight (evaluate weather conditions) You can efficiently move through areas of differing airspace.

How do you tell if a plane is IFR rated?

The aircraft itself has to be able to be IFR certified. You can find this information in the EASA type certificate list (TCDS). A search in the database can come out like this: A note in the POH or a placard in the cockpit stating “VFR only” will also prevent you from flying IFR with that aircraft.

How long is IFR valid for?

IFR recency has its own particular requirements. An instrument rating is valid for a period of 24 months, but 12 months following a flight test, the six-month rules become active.

How many hours does it take to get IFR rating?

The FAA requires a minimum of 40 hours of simulated or actual instrument flight to be eligible for certification. At least 15 hours of this must be accomplished with an authorized instrument instructor (CFII). The time required can be as little as several weeks if you enroll in our accelerated training program.

Can a private pilot fly IFR?

A pilot holding a Private Pilot License (PPL) must fly in VFR conditions. IFR stands for “Instrument Flight Rules” and allows a pilot who is Instrument Rated (IR) to operate an aircraft by relying almost solely on instruments.

Can you fly IFR in a Cessna?

In addition to the standard setup required for flight under Visual Flight Rules (VFR), a Cessna 150 needs a number of additional instruments and equipment for IFR operation, as prescribed under FAR 91.205.

Can a VFR pilot fly IFR?

IFR for VFR Pilots will undoubtedly contribute to your overall flying skill, because the control techniques are just as applicable in good weather as bad. After all, the airplane doesnt know whether its flying in clouds or sunshine.

What is the 1% rule in aviation?

In other words: Applying this 1 percent rule would result in an airline pilot being denied a medical certificate if their risk of a medical incapacitation (e.g. heart attack, convulsion, stroke, faint etc) was determined as being greater than 1% during the year.

What are the 6 hits for IFR?

Remember “6-HITS”: 6 Approaches, Holding, Intercepting, and Tracking. Just remember, you cannot fly as the pilot in charge under IFR or conditions less than VFR.

What is the 3x6 rule in aviation?

For larger aircraft, typically people use some form of the 3/6 Rule: 3 times the altitude (in thousands of feet) you have to lose is the distance back to start the descent; 6 times your groundspeed is your descent rate.

Why do pilots prefer IFR over VFR?

Why Do Pilots Prefer IFR Over VFR? IFR provides pilots with greater flexibility when it comes to controlled airspace, weather conditions, and career opportunities.

Is IFR safer than VFR?

IFR flying provides certain protections which are not readily available to those flying under VFR. Even if you never fly into a cloud, having an IFR-equipped airplane and pilot will make for a safer and confident journey. Flying through and above the clouds provides for safer travels.

Is IFR harder than VFR?

The harder rating to obtain out of the these two is IFR. Similar to VFR, IFR is a set of rules that govern an aircraft flying in “instrument meteorological conditions”, or IMC. IMC is defined as the type of weather that's below the minimums prescribed for flight under VFR.

Is a Cessna 172 IFR capable?

All the aircraft are equipped for IFR-flights with two radio stations.

Does IFR require autopilot?

Most Part 135 operations must have a working autopilot for IFR flight, or else carry a two-pilot crew.

Can you be a commercial pilot without IFR?

Without an Instrument rating, a Commercial pilot will not be allowed to fly for hire at night or venture further than 50 nautical miles from the home base airport. Most pilots do not want to incur these limitations. So typically they'll get an instrument rating on the way to their Commercial status.

What is the hardest part of IFR training?

Here are some of the hardest parts of training.
  • 13) Learning IFR Navigation Equipment Limitations. ...
  • 12) Learning Aircraft Instruments. ...
  • 11) Perfecting Your Clearance Readbacks. ...
  • 10) When Can You Descend? ...
  • 9) Learning To Read IFR Charts. ...
  • 8) Standardizing Your Approach Briefings. ...
  • 7) In-Flight Illusions. ...
  • 6) Landing Illusions.

How hard is single pilot IFR?

Single-pilot IFR is the toughest, and busiest, job in all of flying. You have to do everything that two pilots do in corporate and airline operations. Plus, when things get really tough, you may have to deal with the added distraction of acting as cabin flight attendant for your concerned passengers.